WHAT ARE “ABSTRACTION”VIRTUALS
As Human-kind’s first people, Primitive Africans had no pre-established patterns to refer to for living. An essential to their self-reliance in all activities of daily living was to invent and create things involving numbers, shapes, magnitudes, quantities as well as their relationships. This was the origin of Mathematics. Such was applied by using their fingers for counting when only a few things were involved. However, to help them remember large numbers, they marked notches on a stick or made marks on the ground. For what could not be seen, they used mental imagery–a natural activity of the mind. Imagination is the mind’s power to produce mental pictures or Images, regardless of their state of development. The process of Imagination embraces the reworking of the raw materials of sense, notions, percepts, ideas, and images. The next stage of the process is to incorporate the recombining memories of past experiences and previously formed images into novel, creative constructions. These may be primarily wishful, distortions, or largely reality-bound; involve future plans and projections; or be mental reviews of the past. To elaborate, there were problems in trying to remember the directions in which their puppies would wander off, especially at the dusk of day. Their solution was to put a pebble into an animal-skin sack to represent each puppy as it left the fold. Hence, they could tell, by checking the puppies returning at night against the pebbles, whether any had been lost. Notice that first the mind deals with the material and the specific, called the Concrete (grown together). In African Tradition, a material thing is created out of Spiritual Energy which, in turn, activates the dormant ingredients of Matter into active Ether. Second, when time comes for entering the Earth world, it has a rough hazily bounded Shape. This state of the object, called an Abstraction, is in the process of “Becoming”–and thus a “Virtual” or “Contingent Being” (CB).
Thus, putting a stone in a sack (a Concrete act) represents the “oneness” of each puppy–its numerical value. Similarly, in bartering goods, stones were put into a sack to convey how much of something was owned or owed. This was an abstraction “figuring out” way to reduce object negotiation problems–a process embracing “Forethought” (doing all the necessary planning before taking “calculated” risks). To create an Abstraction involves mental Imaging–the envisioning of a possible Image of the desired future organizational state. The Imagination gathers all pertinent image items + qualities of sense perception + what is generated out of ‘raw’ materials in ones imagination. These serve to revive in the mind those Percepts of entities formerly given in sense perception. The components of Imagery embrace one or more Images, Symbols, Similes, and Metaphors. Once an Image is selected out of Imaging of Images into Imagery that Image is: (1) an Imaginative CB form or Abstraction figure with ‘character’ and power. This (2) visible representation has or is supposed to have a close resemblance to the real (concrete or not), distorted, or fantasy thing it represents. (3) That CB, itself being Visual Imagery, promotes aesthetic pleasures of the present or the desired or disasters of recalled memories as well as the judging of ones preference for one person, place, or thing to another. (4) The new CB or Abstraction serves a purpose (e.g. a guide to interim strategies, decisions, and behaviors) and (5) promoting the purpose to top priority makes it an Icon CB Image.
In applying this process, there were successes enabling Primitive Africans to solve daily living problems by means of CB–meaning the solution was Workable (i.e. done right with what was available), Efficient (doing more with less effort and/or time than with any other option), and Effective (produces a desired effect and satisfies the solution better than any alternative). Such insights and successes enhanced their accuracy of “educated guesses” about new things encountered in the Seeable World. For example, by observing the demonstrated powers of the creation of birth of babies in all animals enlarged their scope of Imagination–i.e. the fashioning of mental pictures–about Unseen Things that could possibly exist in the hidden Seen or Unseen Worlds. As their thinking and observation evolved over the ages, they used Seems right “educated guesses” method derived from comparing solved and familiar problems as a starting point to deal with difficult situations never seen nor heard of before–called Reasoning by Analogy. jabaileymd.com