DEFINING “SEEMS” RIGHT
Primitive (the first people) Africans, perhaps from being awed by and confused about their environment, resorted to “speculations” regarding special problems in their daily living. What makes “Speculate” so interesting is it can go in opposite directions in the assessment of something. And both form concepts of “SEEMS” true. In the direction of a priori reasoning (inferred concepts from reflection), it pertains to pondering the different aspects of a subject and evolving ideas or theories by mental re-examination of the subject. Such Reflections are mental activities which develop mental pictures around an imageless notion (a quality) typically made into ideas to express ones interpretation about that speculative notion. By contrast, in Speculation’s Fantasy direction there is an unreal mental image or reflection giving an appearance of the “Fantastic” in a “Contingent Being.” Although it is an image of something having no real existence, some people’s imaginations go out of control to create a fantastic magical Supernatural world of happenings and outside the common sense views of society. The dangerous ones are Delusional Religious Fanatics. Each creation happens in ones mind by wishing to have that quality, impression, appearance, or message arise. Still, most believe it to be so. Or, if the situation is reversed and these four are real, there is denial of their existence (i.e. being blind to them). Both can SEEM right, saying they apply to what is sensible and changeable all the way over to what is Immaterial and absolutely immutable (unchangeable). No doubt, there exists combinations of a priori reasoning within a “Contingent Being” and that raises the question: “Where is the “SEEMS” true (an appearance form of thinking) located on the scale between the true/real and untrue/unreal?” Since European concepts of “Being” (even Supernatural Contingents) are part of European concepts of Knowledge, anything else is the subject matter of Opinion. Europeans say Opinion is between pure Being and absolute not-Being, intermediate between Knowledge and Ignorance where things fluxuate–i.e. the sphere of the Becoming containing the many and the variable. Nevertheless, the concept of a “Contingent Being” is very useful in applying it to established concepts contained within the category of Information.
Another approach is used by those Religions who intentionally keep Spiritual Element Knowledge sufficiently secret from most people as for the people to be unaware of its existence (Amen, Metu Neter III:126). Then those people can be told anything short of the Truth. Other Religions produce similar effects by approaching the acquiring of concepts about Religion using Deduction (a general truism) rather than with Induction (a specific truism). By so doing, they embrace an inevitable element of Doubt because of having to assume or Hypothesize—i.e. reason from the absence of observation and evidence. This means “Deductive Speculation” is only a theoretical scheme, insufficiently checked or tested by practice, and that makes it a “SEEMS” Right Belief until verified or determined not to be Truth. Such is avoided if one starts with Induction.
To illustrate Truth is not the European way, in C13 Europe, “Nature” implied the Essence of humans, as inferred from human qualities (Great Ideas II: 517) but omitted anything about the Spiritual aspects. Hence, “Human Nature” referred to bodily processes and the restorative powers of the body; then (1380) to ones innate character or disposition; then (1385) to ones inherent creative power or impulse; then to human tendencies common in all societies; and then (1526) to the qualities present with the birth of humans. As knowledge about humans increased, “Nature” became impossible for Europeans to define. For one to get entangled in this type of reasoning necessitates the shaping of Imaginative concepts into the appearance of being real; believing it is right; using each such belief as ones standard, filter, and guide for whatever requires assessment; and declaring “everybody” agrees. This, a most powerful way to control the minds of Believers/naïve, is the essence of the meaning of “what SEEMS right”. Though initially one is unaware of the doubt in them, constant repetition of those flawed ideas are eventually programmed into ones Selfhood as a way of life. Thus, it is the job of Critical Thinking to question the major premise; recognize and dismantle each SEEMS; defend against them; shed them; prevent being fooled by them by finding sound answers; and/or take advantage of them. jabaileymd.com
Joseph A. Bailey II, MD, FACS
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